Region

Language

Culture

Location

Keywords/synonyms/peoples' names/place names

Arctic

Chukotko-Kamchatkan

Chukchi

Siberia

Koryak

Siberia

Eskimo-Aleut

Aleut

Alaska

Aleutian regions; Unimak Island; Izambek Lagoon (prehistoric period)

Inuit-Inupiaq

Greenland; Alaska; Northwest Territories; Nunavut; Nunavik; Quebec; Labrador

Greenland; Inglefield Bay; Nordost Bay; Suckertoppen; Holsteinsborg; Egedesminde; Ipernivik; Greenlanders; Greenland Inuit; Littleton Island; Avaersuaq; Angmagssalik; Thule (prehistoric Inuit);  Paleo-Eskimo; Peary Land; McGary Islands; Aivilingmiut; Chesterfield Inlet; Wager Bay; Alaskan Cultures; American Paleo Arctic people in the Choris Peninsula; Aqviqtiuk Inuit; Kane Basin; Arctic coast cultures; Arctic Inuit; Arctic Thule; Northern Alaska; Mackenzie Delta; Franklin Bay; Coronation Gulf; Avvagmiut; Inuvialuit; Baffin Inuit; Baffin Island Inuit; Hudson Bay Inuit; Qikiqtarjuaq Inuit; Baffinland Inuit; Barrow Inupiat; Belcher Island Inuit; Birnirk culture; Broughton Island Inuit; Canadian Inuit; Cape Halkett Inupiat; Cape York Inuit; Caribou Inuit; Eskimo Point Inuit; Central Inuit; Iglulik Inuit; Copper Inuit; Netsilik Inuit; Cumberland Sound; Starnes Fiord Inuit; Nunavik; Payne Bay; Koksoak River; Labrador Inuit; Hopedale Inuit; Clyde Inuit; Clyde River Inuit; Coastal Inuit; Ungava Bay; Dorset cultures; Dorset Inuit; Equimaux; Eskimo; Eskimo Point Inuit; Arviat; Grise Fiord; Southampton Island; Hudson Strait Inuit; Hudson's Bay Inuit; Melville Peninsula; Iglulingmiut; Foxe Basin; Inland Inuit; Inugsuk culture; Keewatin Inuit; Arctic Bay Inuit; Cape Belcher Inuit; Cape Parry Inuit; Victoria Island Inuit; Thule (neo-inuit, pre-inuit); Tununeremiut Inuit; Netchillirmiut; Nuvorugmiut Inuit; Cape Krusenstern Inuit; Cape Prince of Wales; Hudson Strait Inuit; Nachvak Inuit; Devon Island Inuit; Makkovik Inuit; Lake Melville; Quebec Inuit; Wainwright Inupiat; Cape Halkett Inupiat; Nuiqsut Inupiat; Point Hope Inupiat; Kotzebue Sound Inupiat; Point Barrow Inupiat; Point Lay Inupiat; Bering Strait Inupiat; Barrow Inupiat; Alaska Inupiat; Bethel Inupiat; Aniaki Inupiat; Nulato Inupiat; Shunnuk Inupiat; Cape Halkett Inupiat; Kaktovik Inupiat; Anaktuvik Pass Inupiat; Mackenzie Delta Inuvialuit; Avvagmiut Inuvialuit; Kigirktarugmiut Inuvialuit; Nuvorugmiut Inuvialuit; Richards Island Inuvialuit; Aklavik Inuvialuit; Kugaluk Inuvialuit; Herschel Island Inuvialuit; Hula-hula River Inuvialuit; Cape Bathurst Inuvialuit; Langton Bay Inuvialuit; Kanigmiut Inupiat; Eschscholtz Bay Inupiat; Kigirktarugmiut Inuvialuit; King Islanders; Kittegaryumiut Inuvialuit; Mackenzie Inuit; Mackenzie Inuvialuit; Neo-Eskimo; Nome; Norton Culture of North Alaska (prehistoric period); Nugumiut; Frobisher Bay; Old Bering Sea Okvik Neo Eskimo; Pacific Inuit of Ocean Bay (prehistoric period); Paleo Arctic People in the Choris Peninsula; Koyuk Inlet; Egavik; Inglutalik River; Polar Inuit; Precontact Mackenzie culture; Pre-Dorset; Sarqaq; Utkuhikhalingmiut; Western Inuit; cultures from Horton River

Yupik

Siberia; Alaska

Alaska Yupik; Bering Sea cultures; Bering Sea–Okvik Neo-Eskimo; Bering Strait Yupik; St. Lawrence Island Yupik; Central River Yupik; Chugach Yupik; Diomede Islands; Kuskowagamiut Yupik; Naknek; Nunivak Island Yupik; Siberian Yupik; Unalit; Yukon Delta Yupik; Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta Yupik; Indian Point Yupik; Kasigluk Yupik; Nunapitchuk Yupik; Alutiiq; Sugpiaq

Uralic

Samoyedic

Russia

Siberia Nganasan; Nentsy

Arctic cultures; Arctic Peoples; Peoples of the Arctic; Arctic coast cultures; Native Americans of Alaska

California

Cultures from California

Great Basin

Uto-Aztecan

Hopi

Arizona

Shoshone

Wyoming; Utah; Nevada; Idaho

Cultures from Great Basin

Northeast

Algonquian

Abenaki

Quebec; Maine

Eastern Abenaki; Western Abenaki; Penobscot; Maine Penobscot

Delaware

Pennsylvania; New Jersey; New York; Delaware

Maliseet-Passamaquoddy

New Brunswick; Maine

Malecite-Passamaquoddy; Malecite; Maliseet; Passamaquoddy; New Brunswick Malecite

Micmac

Nova Scotia; New Brunswick; Quebec; Newfoundland

Mi'kmaq; Conne River Micmac; New Brunswick Micmac; Newfoundland Micmac; Richibucto Micmac; Nova Scotia Micmac

Ojibwa-Algonquin

Quebec; Ontario; Michigan; Minnesota; Wisconsin

Amikwa; Anishinabeg; Anishinabek; Anishinaabeg; Ojibway; Ojibwe; Chippewa; Credit River Ojibwa; Grand Rapids; Lake Ontario Ojibwa; Michigan Anishnabeg; Mississauga; Temagami band; Michigan Ojibway; Ottawa; Potawatomi; Red River Ojibwa; Round Lake Ojibwa; Algonquin; Algonkin

Powhatan

Virginia

Rappahannock; Virginia Rappahannock

Shawnee

Ohio

Wampanoag

Massachusetts

Massachusetts Wampanoag

Algonquian cultures of the Mississippi Valley, Ohio Valley, and Great Lakes; Coastal Algonkians; US east coast cultures

Iroquoian

Cayuga

Ontario

Cherokee

North Carolina

Huron

Ontario; Quebec

Hurons; Wyandot

Laurentians

Quebec; Ontario; New York

Saint Lawrence Iroquois

Mohawk

Ontario; Quebec; New York

Onondaga

Ontario; New York

Seneca

Ontario; New York

Cornplanter Seneca

Susquehannock

Pennsylvania

Andaste

Iroquian cultures of the Mississippi Valley, Ohio Valley, and Great Lakes; Iroquois; Owasco (an ancestor to the Iroquois)

Siouan

Winnebago

Wisconsin

Atlantic coast cultures; East Coast Native Americans; Ontatio First Nations

Northwest Coast

Chimakuan

Quileute

Washington

Chinookan

Chinook

Oregon; Washington

Chinookan; Chinookans; Lower Columbia River Chinookan; Oregon Chinookan; Washington State Chinookan

Eyak-Athabaskan

Eyak

Alaska

Alaska Copper River Delta Eyak; Alaska Eyak

Salishan

Bella Coola

British Columbia

Nuxalk; Indigenous People of Kimsquit

Central Salish

British Columbia; Washington

Gulf of Georgia Salish; Coast Salish; Straits Salish; Northern Straits; Vancouver Island Clallam people; Comox; Homalco; Slaiamun; Slaiämun; British Columbia Stalo; Chemainus; Fraser Valley Chilliwack; Fraser Valley Stalo; Katzie; Nanaimo Coast Salish; Fraser River Coast Salish; Cowichan; Halkomelem; Lower Fraser Valley Katzie; Musqueam; Stseelis; Tsawwassen; Upper Stalo; Puget Sound Coast Salish; Nooksack; Pentlach Coast Salish; Pentlatch; Sechelt; Squamish; Sanetch; Lummi; Saanich; Samish; Semiahmoo; Songish; Puget Sound Twana

Interior Salish

British Columbia; Washington

Entiat; Mount Currie; British Columbia Fraser Lillooet; British Columbia Lillooet; Lillooet; British Columbia Shuswap

Tillamook

Oregon

Tsamosan

Washington

Chehalis; Quinault

Tsimshianic

Nass-Gitksan

British Columbia; Alaska

Nass River First Nations; Gitksan; Gitxan; Gitksan Tsimshian; Kitsumkalum; Nishga; Nishga Tsimshian; Nass Niska; Nass River Nishga

Tsimshian

British Columbia; Alaska

Coast Tsimshian; British Columbia Tsimshian; Kitasoo; Port Simpson People; Tsimshian; Tsimshians

Unclassified

Coosan

Oregon

Coos

Haida

British Columbia; Alaska

British Columbia Haida; Eagles; Raven Clan Haida; Masset Haida; Skidegate Haida

Siuslaw

Oregon

Takelman

Oregon

Takelma; Kalapuya

Tlingit

British Columbia; Yukon; Alaska

Chilkat; Coastal Tlingit; Inland Tlingit Crow group (sib); Tlingit Hutsnuwu tribe; Teslin Tlingit; Killisnoo; Sanya and Yakutat Tlingit; Sitka Tlingit; Alaska Tlingit; Taku River people; Forrester Islands Tlingit; Yakutat

Wakashan

Haisla

British Columbia

Kitimat; Kitimaat; Kitamaat

Heiltsuk

British Columbia

Bella Bella; Haihais; Oowekeeno

Kwakiutl

British Columbia

Charlotte Straight cultures; Kingcome Inlet; Knights Inlet; Klahoose; Toba Inlet and Cortes Island British Columbia Klahoose; Klahuse; Klauhuse; Koskimo; Kwakwaka’wakw; British Columbia Kwakiutl; Vancouver Island Kwakiutl; Queen Charlotte Strait cultures; Tl’uhus; British Columbia Tl’uhus; Tlawitis; Toba Inlet people; Tsawadi

Nootkan

British Columbia; Washington

Ahousaht; Aht Nootka; Nuu-chah-nulth; Nootka; Clayoquot; Vancouver Island Nootka; Hesquiat Harbor; Vancouver Island Hesquiat; Kelsomat; Kyuquot; Kyuquot Nootka; Manhousat; Makah; Moachat; Muchalat Nootka; Opetchesaht Nootka; Ahousat; Cape Flattery Nootka; Nootka Sound; Norton Sound; West Coast of Vancouver Island

British Columbia Coast cultures; Coastal British Columbia Aboriginals; Coastal British Columbia First Nations; Coastal cultures of British Columbia; Indigenous Peoples of Coastal British Columbia; Indigenous Peoples of the British Columbian coast; Indigenous Peoples of the Coast of British Columbia; Indigenous Peoples of the Northwest Coast; Indigenous Peoples of the West Coast of North America; Northwest Coast cultures; Northwest coast groups; Northwest Coast Indians; Northwest Coast Indigenous Peoples; Northwest Coast Peoples; Northwest coast villages; People from northwest coast of North America; People of the Northwest Coast; prehistoric Indigenous Peoples of the Central Coast of British Columbia; prehistoric West Coast Peoples; Southern Washington coast; Vancouver Island peoples; Washington coast cultures; West Coast cultures; West Coast groups; West coast Indigenous Peoples

Plains

Algonquian

Arapaho

Wyoming

Plains Arapaho

Blackfoot

Alberta; Montana

Blackfeet; Blood; Blood Peoples

Cheyenne

Wyoming

Cree

Alberta; Saskatchewan

Plains Cree; Red Earth Cree; Wawinahk; Sokawatikoskahk; Alberta Plains Cree; Saskatchewan Plains Cree

Ojibwa-Algonquin

Ontario; Manitoba; Saskatchewan

Anishinabeg; Anishinabek; Anishnabeg; Chippewa; Ojibwa; Ojibwa Plains Turtle Mountain Band; Plains Ojibwa; Bungi; Sakimay Reserve; Potawatomi; Saulteaux; Western Ojibwa

Caddoan

Arikara

North Dakota

Metis

Plains Metis

Siouan

Crow

Montana

Crow hunters; Crow People

Dakotan

Manitoba; Saskatchewan; Alberta; North Dakota; South Dakota

Dakota; Stoney; Canadian Sioux; Assiniboine

Hidatsa

North Dakota

Sioux

Cultures from the Central Prairies; Indigenous Peoples of the Plains; Plains Bison Hunters; Plains cultures; Plains People; Rapid; Rapid Indians

Plateau

Eyak-Athabaskan

Nicola

British Columbia

British Columbia Nicola

Isolate

Kutenai

British Columbia; Idaho; Montana

Kootenai; Kinbasket; British Columbia Kootenai; Plateau region Kootenai; Kootenay; Crow's Nest Pass People

Salishan

Interior Salish

British Columbia; Idaho; Washington; Oregon; Montana

Idaho Coeur d’Alene; Washington Coeur d’Alene; British Columbia Interior Salish; Chelan tribes of the Middle Columbia River; Mid Columbia Indians; Mid-Columbia Indians; Mid-Columbia Indians of the Columbia River between Celilo Falls and Priest Rapids; Middle Columbia River Salish; Salishan Sanpoil; Sinkayuse; Spokane; Flathead; Montana Flathead; Kalispel; Lake Pend d’Oreille Kalispel; Midwest Kalispel; Colville; Colville – Okanagan; Colville Lake; Okanagan; Washington Okanagan; Salish Okanagan; Similkameen; Shuswap; Thompson; N'laka'pamux; Spuzzum; Fraser Canyon Spuzzum; British Colombia Thompson; Wenatchee

Unclassified

Cayuse

Oregon; Washington

Sahaptian

Oregon; Idaho; Washington

Nez Percé; Nez Perce; Yakama

Indigenous Peoples of the Northwest Plateau; Plateau hunters; Plateau Indigenous Peoples; Plateau People

Southwest

Eyak-Athabaskan

Apachean

Arizona; New Mexico

Apachean cultures; Southwestern Apache; Navajo

Subarctic

Algonquian

Cree

Labrador; Quebec; Ontario; Manitoba; Saskatchewan; Alberta

Abitibi;  Attawapiskat; Attawapiskat Cree; James Bay Cree; Omushkego Cree; Bush Cree; Moose River Basin Cree; Mistissini Cree; West Main Cree; East Main Cree; Eastmain Cree; Hudson Bay Cree; Northern Manitoba Cree; Paint Hills Cree; Fort George Cree; Western Woods Cree; Waswanipi Cree; Wood Buffalo National Park Cree; Northern Quebec Cree; Woodland Cree; Capsaouis River Cree; Mushkegowuk; Nemiscau Cree; Northern Algonquian; Northern Cree; Northern Ontario Cree; Quebec Cree; Rupert House Cree; Shoal Lake Cree; Western Cree; Westmain Cree; Muskeg; Slave River; Attikamek

Montagnais-Naskapi (Innu)

Labrador; Quebec

Coastal Montagnais; Coastal Innu; Davis Inlet Naskapi; Innu; Lake Saint John Naskapi; Lake Saint-John Montagnais; Montagnais; Lake Melville Montagnais; Lake St. John Montagnais; St. Lawrence River Montagnais; Quebec Montagnais; Montagnais Naskapi; Godbout Montagnais; Montagnais-Naskapi (Innu); Labrador Naskapi; Natashquan band of Naskapi

Ojibwa-Algonquin

Quebec; Ontario

Abitibi; Anishinabeg; Anishinabek; Ojibway; Chippewa; Northern Ojibwa; Ojibwa; Potawatomi

Eyak-Athabaskan

Ahtna

Alaska

Lower Ahtna; Copper River Ahtna

Beaver

British Columbia; Alberta

British Columbia Beaver culture; Alberta Beaver culture; Beaver First Nation

Carrier

British Columbia

Bulky River Carrier; Ulkatcho-Carrier; Wet’suwet’en

Chilcotin

British Columbia

Anahem Chilcotin; Stone Chilcotin

Chipewyan

Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Northwest Territories

Caribou Eaters; Wood Buffalo National Park Chipewyan; Fort Resolution Chipewyan; Stony Rapids Chipewyan; Ethen-eldeli; Hatchet Lake Chipewyan; Great Slave Lake Chipewyan; Slave River; Fort Smith Chipewyan; Moose-Deer Island House People

Dogrib

Northwest Territories

Copper (Dene); Lac la Marte Dogrib; Lac la Martre People; Yellowknife (Dene); Yellowknives

Gwich'in

Yukon; Northwest Territories; Alaska

Alaska Kutchin; Kutchin; Chalkyitsik Kutchin; Chandalar Kutchin; community of Old Crow; Crow River Kutchin; cultures from Chandalar River; Peel River Kutchin; Yukon Flats Kutchin; Vunta Kutchin; Loucheux; Vuntut Gwich’in; Old Crow Kutchin; Black River Kutchin; Vanta Kutchin

Han

Yukon; Alaska

Yukon Han

Ingalik

Alaska

Athapaskan First Nations of the Yukon and Kuskokwim River basins; Ingalik of the Yukon and Kuskokwim River basin; Kuskokwin Ingalik; Lower Kuskokwim; Shageluk; Yukon Ingalik

Kolchan

Alaska

Koyukon

Alaska

Sekani

British Columbia

Secani

Slavey-Hare

Northwest Territories; Alberta; British Columbia

Athapaskan Slave; cultures from Fort Providence; Fort Good Hope and Colville Lake Dene (Sahtu/Hareskin); Fort Nelson First Nation; Fort Nelson hunters; Fort Nelson Slave; Fort Nelson Slavey; Hare; Northwestern Canada Hare; Lac la Marte Hare; Mountain (Sahtu) People; Nelson Slave; Sahtu; Sahtu Dene; Sahtu Hare; Sahtu/Hareskin Dene (Sahtu); Slave; Slave Lake and Bear Lake cultures (Sahtu); Slaves; Slavey

Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish

British Columbia; Yukon

Tahltan; Kaska; Cordilleran Athapaskan of the Stikine River; cultures from Dease River; Dease River Kaska; Telegraph Creek Iskoot; Upper Liard Kaska; Nahani (Dene); Plateau Tahltan; Stikine Plateau Tahltan; Tagish; Tselona; Tselona Kaska; Yukon Kaska

Tanaina

Alaska

Cook Inlet Tanaina; Susitna River Basin Tanaina

Tanana

Alaska

Upper Tanana; Tanana River Peoples; Lower Tanana of Minto, Alaska; Upper Tanana of Alaska

Tsetsaut

British Columbia

Tutchone

Yukon

Yukon Champagne and Aishihik; First Nations residents in Teslin and Whitehorse; Hutshi; Nahani (Dene); people of Haines Junction (Champagne and Aishihik); Southern Tutchone; Southwestern Yukon residents; Yukon cultures from Haines Junction

Athabaskan of Arctic Drainage Lowlands; Athapaskan cultures; Athapaskan First Nations; Athapaskan of the Alaskan Plateau; Athapaskan peoples; Dene; Interior Dene; Northern Athapaskan cultures; Yukon; Yukon Athapaskan First Nations

Iroquoian

Laurentians

Quebec

Saint Lawrence Iroquois

Metis

Wood Buffalo National Park Metis; Métis

Unclassified

Beothuk

Newfoundland

Newfoundland Beothuk

Subarctic Indians; Subarctic Indigenous Peoples; Sub-arctic Indigenous Peoples