Walleye are reported to have been eaten by The Montagnais (Innu) of the Upper Saint Lawrence River , First Nations of Ontario , the Cree of Northern Manitoba , the James Bay Cree of Fort George , the Huron , the Anishnabeg (Anishinabek) (Ojibway) , James Bay Cree [7-10], the Red Earth Cree , the Attawapiskat Cree , and the Mistissini Cree [12, 13]. The Northern Iroquois, Dene/Metis of Fort Resolution, Indigenous Peoples of Great Slave Lake, Fort Nelson Slave, Attikamek, Attawapiskat, Muskeg, and Cree of Northern Quebec also ate walleye [13-20], as did the Waswanipi (Cree) and Mistissini (Cree) [21, 22]. The Chippewa, Cree (including Waswanipi Cree and Western Woods Cree), Chipewyan and Métis of Wood Buffalo National Park are also reported to have eaten walleye [23-28]. Upper Liard Kaska are reported to have eaten walleye caught in lakes . Because sauger are similar in appearance but less common than walleye, they are likely to be frequently referred to as walleye in the ethnographic literature. Sauger were specifically noted to be available to the Red Earth Cree of Saskatchewan , but were likely caught and eaten by many of the central North American cultures noted to eat walleye.
Northern Quebec Cree caught walleye in summer from inland lakes and rivers.
The Fort Nelson Slave caught walleye using fish weirs, which they set in shallow creeks or rivers. These weirs were usually built during the months of July, August and September [14, 18]. The Waswanipi (Cree) caught walleye in early summer during the five to ten day long spawning phase and throughout winter . The Cree, Chipewyan and Métis of Wood Buffalo National Park caught walleye in spring .
The Mistissini Cree dressed walleye flesh two different ways: 1) they removed the anterior dorsal fin, scaled the carcass, gutted it, severed the tail, removed any extra scales and then washed the carcass, 2) after removing the anterior dorsal fin, the carcass was skinned, the head and tail severed, and the carcass gutted, descaled, and washed. In addition to the flesh, the Cree were reported to have consumed the head 
The Attawapiskat ate walleye infrequently as they found them too boney . The Chippewa, Cree, Chipewyan and Métis of Wood Buffalo National Park dried walleye for later use [23, 30]. The Chippewa cleaned them, cut along each side of the backbone and hung them on the rack over a slow fire, the body on one side and the backbone and tail on the other. When the fish had partially dried, the flesh was cut lengthwise and the inside was exposed to the fire to dry further. Prior to eating, the dried fish was boiled .
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