Animals -> Fish -> Freshwater Fish -> Freshwater Drum

Freshwater Drum

Freshwater drum was reported to have been eaten by Iroquois [1], including the Northern Iroquois [2].


1.         Tuck JA: Onondaga Iroquois PreHistory: A Study in Settlement Archaeology, vol. 1st edition. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press; 1971.

2.         Tuck JA: Northern Iroquoian Prehistory. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. edn. Edited by Trigger BG. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1978: 322-325.

The freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens) is the only drum species in North America that does not live in saltwater. They are in the same family as the saltwater Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus), a family related to perch and darters as well as sunfish. They occupy large water bodies throughout Canada and the United States. The French common name for the freshwater drum is malachigan. They are laterally compressed and have an arch on the back with a short first dorsal fin connected by a deeply notched membrane to a long second dorsal fin almost reaching the rounded tail. Freshwater drums are bottom-dwellers and can grow quite big, especially in Canadian waters.


Wooding FH: Lake, river and sea-run fishes of Canada. Madeira Park, BC, Canada: Harbour Publishing; 1997.


Images provided below were obtained from: Encyclopedia of Life. Available from
Freshwater drum
© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Supplier: National Museum of Natural History Collections
This map is based on occurrence records available through the GBIF network