Archeological remains identifying human use found northern anchovy from Oregon to Alaska .The Aht Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) are known to eat anchovies as a main food item , likely to include the northern anchovy.
1. McKechnie I, Moss ML: Meta-analysis in zooarchaeology expands perspectives on Indigenous fisheries of the Northwest Coast of North America Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 2016, 8:470-85.
2. Sproat GM: The Nootka: Scenes and Studies of Savage Life, vol. West Coast Heritage Series. Victoria, B.C.: Sono Nis Press; 1987.
Anchovies are a family of small schooling saltwater fish. In North America, anchovies include the northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), occurring along the Pacific coast, from British Columbia to Mexico. They are small, silvery, and have a very large mouth. They most often occur in coastal waters relatively close to shore.
"Engraulis mordax Girard, 1854." [http://eol.org/pages/207207/details]