Dogwinkles, of unspecified species, are reported to have been consumed by the Coast Salish, Obsidian and Queen Charlotte Straight cultures [1, 2]. Dogwinkles, of unspecified species, were gathered by Tlingit women who removed them with a prying stick or by hand. The shells were often used to embellish the fringes of baskets and clothing .
Frilled dogwinkles used to be harvested in large numbers by the Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) of Vancouver Island .
Remains of file dogwinkle, channeled dogwinkle, and frilled dogwinkle were discovered at Tlingit shell middens at Daxatkanada .
1. Batdorf C: Northwest Native Harvest. Surrey, B.C: Hancock House Publishers Ltd.; 1990.
2. Mitchell D: Prehistory of the Coasts of Southern British Columbia and Northern Washington. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 7: Northwest Coast. edn. Edited by Suttles W. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1990: 340-358.
3. Moss ML: Shellfish, Gender, and Status on the Northwest Coast: Reconciling Archeological, Ethnographic, and Ethnohistorical Records of the Tlingit. American Anthropologist 1993, 95(3):631-652.
4. Arima E, Dewhirst J: Nootkans of Vancouver Island. In: Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 7: Northwest Coast. edn. Edited by Suttles W. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution; 1990: 391-397.
5. de Laguna F: The Story of a Tlingit Community: A Problem in the Relationship between Archeological, Ethnological, and Historical Methods. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office; 1960.
Dogwinkles include over 1,000 species spread across around 50 genera. In North America, dogwinkles occur mainly along the Pacific coast and include the frilled dogwinkle (Nucella lamellosa), the file dogwinkle (N. lima), and the channeled dogwinkle (N. canaliculata). Dogwinkle are called pourpres in French. The shell is spirally coiled in dogwinkles.
Howes GJ, Chatfield JE: "Mollusks". In: The Encyclopedia of Underwater Life. Edited by Dawes ACJ: Oxford University Press; 2007.