Upland fowl are chicken-like birds, including grouse, ptarmigan, pheasants, and turkey, and because they are non-migratory, they are important year-round for most cultures.
Upland fowl, also referred to as upland gamebirds, gamefowl,or landbirds, are non-migratory, chicken-like, round-bodied, ground-feeding birds with a small bill and blunt wings capable of short distance flights. Nearly all upland fowl are gallinaceous birds in the order Galliformes, including ptarmigan, grouse, pheasant, turkey, and bobwhite. They are closely related to waterfowl species, but are not associated with water and occupy grassland, forest and tundra habitats. Also, the importance of upland fowl in recreational hunting has led to the introduction of some non-native Asian species into North America, including Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus).